Electricity produced in Pakistan is from three main sources.
1). Hydal2). Thermal (Gas/Steam/Furnace Oil)3). Nuclear
There are four major power producers in country which include Water & Power Development Authority (WAPDA), Karachi Electric Supply Company (KESC), Independent Power Producers (IPPs) and Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC).
Below is the break-up of the installed capacity of each of these power producers (as of June-2008).
a) WAPDA HydalTerbela
3478 MWMangla 1000 MW
Electricity Production in Pakistan
==> 6461 MW
b) WAPDA Thermal
Gas Turbine Power Station, Shadra 59 MW
Steam Power Station, Faisalabad
Gas Turbine Power Station, Faisalabad
Gas Power Station, Multan
Thermal Power Station, Muzaffargarh
Thermal Power Station, Guddu
Gas Turbine Power Station, Kotri
Thermal Power Station, Jamshoro
Thermal Power Station, Larkana
Thermal Power Station, Quetta
Gas Turbine Power Station, Panjgur 39 MW
Thermal Power Station, Pasni 17 MW
==> 4811 MW
WAPDA's Total Hydal + Thermal capacity is 11272 MW.
2). Karachi Electric Supply Company
Thermal Power Station, Korengi 316 MW
Gas Turbine Power Station, Korengi
Gas Turbine Power Station, SITE 100 MW
Thermal Power Station, Bin Qasim 1260 MW
==> 1756 MW
3). Independent Power Producers (IPPs)
Hub Power Project
AES Lalpir Ltd, Mahmood Kot MuzaffarGarh 362 MW
AES Pak Gen, Mahmood Kot MuzaffarGarh
Altern Energy Ltd, Attock
Fauji KabirWala Power Company, Khanewal 157 MW
Gul Ahmad Energy Ltd, Korengi 136 MW
Habibullah Coastal Power Ltd
Japan Power Generation, Lahore 120 MW
Koh-e-Noor Energy Ltd, Lahore
Liberty Power Limited, Ghotki
Rousch Power, Khaniwal
Saba Power Company, Sheikhpura 114 MW
Southern Electric Power Company Ltd, Raiwind 135 MW
Tapal Energy Limited, Karachi
Uch Power Ltd, Dera Murad Jamali, Nasirabad 586 MW
Attock Gen Ltd, Morgah Rawalpindi 165 MW
Atlas Power, Sheikhpura
Engro Energy Ltd, Karachi ----- MW
Kot Addu Power Company Limited (Privitized) 1638 MW
===> 6365 MW
4). Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission
===> 462 MW
Hydal Electricity generated by WAPDA varies between two extremities i.e. bewteen minimum of 2414 MW and maximum of 6761 MW depending upon the river flow through the whole year.
Total Power Generation Capacity of Pakistan (including all sources) is 19855 MWand the electricity demand (as of today 20-04-2010) is 14500 MW and PEPCO is merely generating 10000 MW.
So it is obvious that these 15-20 hrs power shutdowns in most parts of the country are not because of the lack of generation capacity but only because of IMF / World bank policies imposed on our corrupt leader. The Power Generation companies are not buying Furnace Oil from PSO by saying they dont have money to do that but we are all paying for Electricity that is generated from Furnace Oil. This is the reason that top refineires like PRL are operating at 40% capacities. IMF / World bank has imposed to reduece budget deficit by importing less crude oil. But due to this fact all our industries are under severe crisis. None of our political party who are in Assembly are ready to speak on it because every one is blessed by US / IMF / WORLD Bank whether it PPP, PML , MQM , ANP or JUI
Things in Pakistan can change but they will change only once we have Govt which does not work on action of US.
Contributed to Good Governance Forum
by Marryam Chaudhry