Electricity Production in Pakistan

Electricity produced in Pakistan is from three main sources.

1). Hydal 
2). Thermal (Gas/Steam/Furnace Oil)
3). Nuclear

There are four major power producers in country which include Water & Power Development Authority (WAPDA), Karachi Electric Supply Company (KESC), Independent Power Producers (IPPs) and Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC).

Below is the break-up of the installed capacity of each of these power producers (as of June-2008).


a) WAPDA Hydal
Terbela                                                                        3478  MW  
Mangla                                                                         1000  MW  
Ghazi-Brotha                                                                 1450  MW   
Warsak                                                                          243  MW  
Chashma                                                                        184  MW  
Dargai                                                                              20  MW  
Rasul                                                                               22  MW  
Shadi-Waal                                                                       18  MW  
NandiPur                                                                           14  MW  
Kurram Garhi                                                                       4  MW  
Renala                                                                                1  MW  
Chitral                                                                                1  MW  
Jagran (AK)                                                                        30  MW

        Total hydal                                                              ==>   6461 MW

b) WAPDA Thermal

Gas Turbine Power Station, Shadra                                         59  MW  
Steam Power Station, Faisalabad                                          132  MW  
Gas Turbine Power Station, Faisalabad                                   244  MW  
Gas Power Station, Multan                                                   195  MW  
Thermal Power Station, Muzaffargarh                                   1350  MW  
Thermal Power Station, Guddu                                            1655  MW  
Gas Turbine Power Station, Kotri                                           174  MW  
Thermal Power Station, Jamshoro                                          850  MW  
Thermal Power Station, Larkana                                            150  MW  
Thermal Power Station, Quetta                                               35  MW   
Gas Turbine Power Station, Panjgur                                         39  MW  
Thermal Power Station, Pasni                                                 17  MW  

Total Thermal                                                                    ==>   4811  MW

WAPDA's Total Hydal + Thermal capacity is 11272 MW. 

2). Karachi Electric Supply Company

Thermal Power Station, Korengi                                             316  MW  
Gas Turbine Power Station, Korengi                                         80  MW  
Gas Turbine Power Station, SITE                                            100  MW  
Thermal Power Station, Bin Qasim                                        1260  MW
Total (KESC)                                                                     ==>    1756  MW

3). Independent Power Producers (IPPs)

Hub Power Project                                                               1292 MW  
AES Lalpir Ltd, Mahmood Kot MuzaffarGarh                               362 MW  
AES Pak Gen, Mahmood Kot MuzaffarGarh                                 365 MW  
Altern Energy Ltd, Attock                                                         29 MW  
Fauji KabirWala Power Company, Khanewal                              157 MW  
Gul Ahmad Energy Ltd, Korengi                                               136 MW  
Habibullah Coastal Power Ltd                                                 140 MW  
Japan Power Generation, Lahore                                             120 MW  
Koh-e-Noor Energy Ltd, Lahore                                               131 MW  
Liberty Power Limited, Ghotki                                                 232 MW  
Rousch Power, Khaniwal                                                        412 MW   
Saba Power Company, Sheikhpura                                           114 MW  
Southern Electric Power Company Ltd, Raiwind                          135 MW  
Tapal Energy Limited, Karachi                                                 126 MW  
Uch Power Ltd, Dera Murad Jamali, Nasirabad                            586 MW  
Attock Gen Ltd, Morgah Rawalpindi                                          165 MW  
Atlas Power, Sheikhpura                                                         225 MW   
Engro Energy Ltd, Karachi                                                      ----- MW  
Kot Addu Power Company Limited (Privitized)                          1638 MW

Total  (IPPs)                                                                   ===>   6365  MW

4). Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission

KANUPP                                                                              137  MW  
CHASNUPP-1                                                                        325  MW
Total (Nuclear)                                                                  ===>   462  MW

Hydal Electricity generated by WAPDA varies between two extremities i.e. bewteen minimum of 2414 MW and maximum of 6761 MW depending upon the river flow through the whole year.

Total Power Generation Capacity of Pakistan (including all sources) is 19855 MWand the electricity demand (as of today 20-04-2010) is 14500 MW and PEPCO is merely generating 10000 MW.

So it is obvious that these 15-20 hrs power shutdowns in most parts of the country are not because of the lack of generation capacity but only because of IMF / World bank policies imposed on our corrupt leader. The Power Generation companies are not buying Furnace Oil from PSO by saying they dont have money to do that but we are all paying for Electricity that is generated from Furnace Oil. This is the reason that top refineires like PRL are operating at 40% capacities. IMF / World bank has imposed to reduece budget deficit by importing less crude oil. But due to this fact all our industries are under severe crisis. None of our political party who are in Assembly are ready to speak on it because every one is blessed by US / IMF / WORLD Bank whether it PPP, PML , MQM , ANP or JUI 

Things in Pakistan can change but they will change only once we have Govt which does not work on action of US.

Contributed to Good Governance Forum 
by Marryam Chaudhry